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Scene & Structure

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Craft your fiction with scene-by-scene flow, logic and readability. An imprisoned man receives an unexpected caller, after which "everything changed..." And the reader is hooked. But whether or not readers will stay on for the entire wild ride will depend on how well the writer structures the story, scene by scene. This book is your game plan for success. Using dozens of exa Craft your fiction with scene-by-scene flow, logic and readability. An imprisoned man receives an unexpected caller, after which "everything changed..." And the reader is hooked. But whether or not readers will stay on for the entire wild ride will depend on how well the writer structures the story, scene by scene. This book is your game plan for success. Using dozens of examples from his own work - including "Dropshot," "Tiebreaker" and other popular novels - Jack M. Bickham will guide you in building a sturdy framework for your novel, whatever its form or length. You'll learn how to: -"worry" your readers into following your story to the end -prolong your main character's struggle while moving the story ahead -juggle cause and effect to serve your story action As you work on crafting compelling scenes that move the reader, moment by moment, toward the story's resolution, you'll see why believable fiction must make more sense than real life. Every scene should end in disastersome scenes should be condensed, and others built big. Whatever your story, this book can help you arrive at a happy ending in the company of satisfied readers.


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Craft your fiction with scene-by-scene flow, logic and readability. An imprisoned man receives an unexpected caller, after which "everything changed..." And the reader is hooked. But whether or not readers will stay on for the entire wild ride will depend on how well the writer structures the story, scene by scene. This book is your game plan for success. Using dozens of exa Craft your fiction with scene-by-scene flow, logic and readability. An imprisoned man receives an unexpected caller, after which "everything changed..." And the reader is hooked. But whether or not readers will stay on for the entire wild ride will depend on how well the writer structures the story, scene by scene. This book is your game plan for success. Using dozens of examples from his own work - including "Dropshot," "Tiebreaker" and other popular novels - Jack M. Bickham will guide you in building a sturdy framework for your novel, whatever its form or length. You'll learn how to: -"worry" your readers into following your story to the end -prolong your main character's struggle while moving the story ahead -juggle cause and effect to serve your story action As you work on crafting compelling scenes that move the reader, moment by moment, toward the story's resolution, you'll see why believable fiction must make more sense than real life. Every scene should end in disastersome scenes should be condensed, and others built big. Whatever your story, this book can help you arrive at a happy ending in the company of satisfied readers.

30 review for Scene & Structure

  1. 4 out of 5

    Candace

    There are several good reviews already, so I will highlight some of the key components of the book. We learn about the story question, about cause and effect, and about stimulus and response. Next, we learn scene and sequel structural components. Scene classic structural components are goal, conflict and diaster. The classic structural components of sequel are emotion, thought, decision and action. We next tackle variations in scene, common errors in scene and how to fix them, and plotting with There are several good reviews already, so I will highlight some of the key components of the book. We learn about the story question, about cause and effect, and about stimulus and response. Next, we learn scene and sequel structural components. Scene classic structural components are goal, conflict and diaster. The classic structural components of sequel are emotion, thought, decision and action. We next tackle variations in scene, common errors in scene and how to fix them, and plotting with scene and sequel. Finally, we study a master plot which outlines a suggested story through its chapters. The appendices at the end of the book provides further study of key components. Scene & Structure is a good resource for beginning writers. (I understand from other reviews there exist an updated copy of this book with recent fiction excerpt examples.)

  2. 5 out of 5

    Jonathan Peto

    Hear ye, hear ye: I am rereading marked passages from previously read writing books right now and writing reviews, in some cases, such as now, for the first time. I admit, I may not have reviewed this one before in a selfish, misguided attempt to keep the book a secret. I apologize. It’s a gem, one of my very, very favorite writing books. It’s nuts & bolts, baby, published in 1993, and written by an author whose 80+ novels are completely unknown to me. Furthermore, I have no intention of maki Hear ye, hear ye: I am rereading marked passages from previously read writing books right now and writing reviews, in some cases, such as now, for the first time. I admit, I may not have reviewed this one before in a selfish, misguided attempt to keep the book a secret. I apologize. It’s a gem, one of my very, very favorite writing books. It’s nuts & bolts, baby, published in 1993, and written by an author whose 80+ novels are completely unknown to me. Furthermore, I have no intention of making room for them on my to-read list. They sound like outdated crap. I paraphrase but I think Ulysses S. Grant said something about everyone thinking they can be a general, whereas most people would not presume they could command a fleet of ships because of the obvious technical knowledge and skill requirements. It’s like that with readers and writing (not that I'm saying readers can't have opinions or give 1 star reviews!). I should be an expert writer, having read so much - I even majored in it!, but you can read and read and not really notice all that much. Scene & Structure will open your eyes. If you’ve read other books about structure, books that began with a focus on cause and effect, stimulus and response, and how to use that pattern to build text, books that then explained scenes and sequels and how to link them, then you may not need this book. After those basics, Bickham explores variations and “common pitfalls”. He even makes a pretty good argument for starting with this structure even if your actual writing emphasizes elements that are more likely to result in a final product that is literary or experimental, rather than commercial. If I ever get published published, I don’t owe it all to my wife, my mother, my father, my children or the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, but to Jack M. Bickham, may he RIP.

  3. 5 out of 5

    K.M. Weiland

    The reading makes for tough and tedious going at some points, but the info is well worth the dig. This is the perfect follow-up to Swain’s classic Techniques of the Selling Author (which makes sense, since Bickham was Swain’s student). It does a marvelous job of expounding on Swain’s “scenes” and “sequels” and answering many of the holes left in Swain’s necessarily abbreviated crash course. The section on structure, however, leaves much to be desired. Instead of any solid advice, the author offe The reading makes for tough and tedious going at some points, but the info is well worth the dig. This is the perfect follow-up to Swain’s classic Techniques of the Selling Author (which makes sense, since Bickham was Swain’s student). It does a marvelous job of expounding on Swain’s “scenes” and “sequels” and answering many of the holes left in Swain’s necessarily abbreviated crash course. The section on structure, however, leaves much to be desired. Instead of any solid advice, the author offers only his own personal “master plot,” which is a quick recipe for hackneyed storytelling.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Lynne Stevie

    I'm about halfway through and it is already a valuable tool. It really deals with the structure of a good story and how to push and pull the reader through without letting them get bored. I find myself getting stuck in the scenes and not looking at the big picture. This will help me create goals in the beginning so my characters will hopefully have focus and purpose. I would recommend to anyone wanting to write fiction. This book was recommeded to me by a critic who read an excerpt of my work in I'm about halfway through and it is already a valuable tool. It really deals with the structure of a good story and how to push and pull the reader through without letting them get bored. I find myself getting stuck in the scenes and not looking at the big picture. This will help me create goals in the beginning so my characters will hopefully have focus and purpose. I would recommend to anyone wanting to write fiction. This book was recommeded to me by a critic who read an excerpt of my work in progress 'Dark Angel's Kiss and now that I'm over the hurt I realize she was right. Thanks for caring enough to tell me the truth! It will be a better book because of your advise.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Sean

    Great stuff here. Bickham takes the scene/sequel concept and goes into great detail on why and how to use it, how to subvert it, how to change things up when pace or plotting requires it, and so on. I had never fully understood the scene/sequel concept before reading this, and reading it, I underwent something of a mental shift around the concept. I think I've been inadvertently doing this wrong in a lot of my previous short stories and novel attempts, and even if I don't implement Bickham's meth Great stuff here. Bickham takes the scene/sequel concept and goes into great detail on why and how to use it, how to subvert it, how to change things up when pace or plotting requires it, and so on. I had never fully understood the scene/sequel concept before reading this, and reading it, I underwent something of a mental shift around the concept. I think I've been inadvertently doing this wrong in a lot of my previous short stories and novel attempts, and even if I don't implement Bickham's methods exactly (he wrote a lot of thrillers, and so that's the filter he views writing through), I think just knowing the concepts and keeping them in mind will help my writing. I tried out the basic structure in my latest short story, and I think it came out the better for it. As always with books on writing, steal whatever works for you, ignore the rest. In this case, I think a great deal of it will work for me.

  6. 5 out of 5

    Mike

    This is a classic book on writing technique, focussed on writing one particular kind of book. I'd call that kind of book "action-oriented popular fiction" - basically a thriller or suspense novel. That's not to say that the techniques aren't useful for writing other kinds of books, but the less your book is like a thriller, the less useful the advice will be. I've shared extensive notes on Google+ under the hashtag "#sceneandstructure", so I won't repeat them here. However, in broad outline, Bic This is a classic book on writing technique, focussed on writing one particular kind of book. I'd call that kind of book "action-oriented popular fiction" - basically a thriller or suspense novel. That's not to say that the techniques aren't useful for writing other kinds of books, but the less your book is like a thriller, the less useful the advice will be. I've shared extensive notes on Google+ under the hashtag "#sceneandstructure", so I won't repeat them here. However, in broad outline, Bickham lays out an approach that will give you a linear story - flowing logically and naturally from a disturbing change that challenges the character at the beginning to a resolution at the end. He does this by proposing a structure he calls "scene and sequel". A scene is a moment-by-moment recounting of things that happen, starting with a character goal, moving through conflict that prevents the character from reaching the goal, and finishing with a "disaster" that leaves the character worse off than before. A sequel is about the character reacting to the scene emotionally, thinking about it, and deciding what to do next. Obviously, they follow one another neatly in alternation. This kind of stimulus/response structure also occurs at lower structural levels. It's almost fractal, though he doesn't use that word. Bickham does a beautifully clear job of explaining this, and then goes deeper, setting out how to vary the structure, how to resolve problems, and finally how to create a "master plot" to guide you through your story with the scene/sequel structure. He closes with useful appendices, giving examples from published fiction and breaking them down line by line to demonstrate his points. I'd recommend this book if your writing has ever had any of the following common criticisms: - It doesn't flow well - It doesn't make sense or is hard to follow - It fails to grip the reader - Characters do things for no logical reason in order to serve the author's plot - It's all action with no depth - It's all reflection with no action - The plot meanders with no clear purpose - It was too slow to get going - Everything fell apart in the middle - The ending made no sense and didn't follow on from what had happened previously - The villain's actions made no sense - The stakes were too low and I didn't care about them - The plot seemed contrived and ridiculous - I didn't care about what happened to the characters. Again, if your first priority isn't to keep the reader up late into the night turning the pages, this may not be the book for you. But if you have goals even vaguely adjacent to that, I strongly suggest you pick up a copy.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Anna Erishkigal

    I purchased this book 'used' as Writer's Digest has replaced it with a different book, but a friend recommended it to help me iron out some bugaboos in my writing. Unlike the newer book, the prose is denser and a bit more difficult to digest, but as my friend had promised, this older version of scene-writing was filled with lots of examples where the concepts are broken down in detail, tagged, and clearly labeled as you try to put the concepts in the book into action. It is structured like a col I purchased this book 'used' as Writer's Digest has replaced it with a different book, but a friend recommended it to help me iron out some bugaboos in my writing. Unlike the newer book, the prose is denser and a bit more difficult to digest, but as my friend had promised, this older version of scene-writing was filled with lots of examples where the concepts are broken down in detail, tagged, and clearly labeled as you try to put the concepts in the book into action. It is structured like a college textbook, with homework exercises at the end to put the information into practice. The newer WD book has examples from popular fiction, but they are not broken down nearly as much. I guess it's a matter of six of one and half a dozen of the other? The other WD book is better for skimming, while this book is better if you decide to sit down and step-by-step rebuild a chapter that just isn't doing what you need it to do. If you've read the 'build a scene' books and are still kinda scratching your head, grab this book if you can find it. It will be like taking a college course in scene-building.

  8. 5 out of 5

    Kym McNabney

    I purchased this book on a recommendation. I did get quite a bit from it though I have to admit I had a hard time following it in many parts. The information was a bit confusing at times. I guess if one can get even one thing from a non-fiction read, it was worth reading. I did enjoy reading some of the segments of the author's novels. One particular book intrigued me enough to check out the author on the web. I was surprised to find out he wrote over 75 books, and is the author of a childhood mo I purchased this book on a recommendation. I did get quite a bit from it though I have to admit I had a hard time following it in many parts. The information was a bit confusing at times. I guess if one can get even one thing from a non-fiction read, it was worth reading. I did enjoy reading some of the segments of the author's novels. One particular book intrigued me enough to check out the author on the web. I was surprised to find out he wrote over 75 books, and is the author of a childhood movie I saw, The Apple Dumpling Gang. Even more intrigued, I dug deeper and was saddened to find that he is no longer living. All in all, I would suggest this book to any struggling and or new writer. I also plan on purchasing one of his novels that was reference in the book, Katie, Kelly, and Heck.

  9. 4 out of 5

    Steve Goodyear

    It gave me some good tips and ideas, but the read really didn't inspire me. I found it trying to be a little too prescriptive and formulaic for my tastes, and I think I would've had more confidence as a reader if the analysis was applied to a classic at times rather than a piece author's unpublished work.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Lynn Hobbs

    Appreciate the authors ideas! Most helpful! I highly recommend this book and will list this as the number one writing "how to" book needed by each author! Well written and well received! :)

  11. 4 out of 5

    Allan Walsh

    Scene and Structure by Jack M. Bickham is a non-fiction title for writers, covering proven techniques used to write a compelling story. The Cover: The cover works well for this title. The image reflects a non-fiction book and the title links it to the craft of writing. The Good Stuff: At my stage as a writer, when I read books on the craft of writing I often find that there is very little to be learned from the content. This book was very different. It could be that I have not delved deeply enoug Scene and Structure by Jack M. Bickham is a non-fiction title for writers, covering proven techniques used to write a compelling story. The Cover: The cover works well for this title. The image reflects a non-fiction book and the title links it to the craft of writing. The Good Stuff: At my stage as a writer, when I read books on the craft of writing I often find that there is very little to be learned from the content. This book was very different. It could be that I have not delved deeply enough into the topics covered here before, or maybe for some reason I have just not connected with the concepts, but I found that I learned a great deal from this title. It covers a great deal of content and does not go over the same ground repeatedly, using different words, as some books tend to do. The information is written in a logical way that I found really easy to understand. I also love the fact that there are further examples held back for an appendices, with a line by line breakdown that explains how the techniques have been applied. The Bad Stuff: While I did skip read some small parts of this book, I can’t say that there was any bad stuff in it. More-so it was techniques I am familiar with and did not feel the need to go over, or one example too many that I didn’t wish to read through. Overall, I really enjoyed this book and can say I have learnt a good deal from it. This title gives a detailed, yet easy to understand, explanation of structure and form, cause and effect, stimulus and response, scenes and sequels, and chapters and plot. Well worth the money and time invested. I’m giving this book a well-formed, purposely crafted, 5 out of 5 golden bookmarks.

  12. 4 out of 5

    Carrie Daws

    I'll start by saying that this book has a lot of value. But ... it reads like a college textbook and overwhelmed me with information and explanation. I did mark some good tidbits, but overall, I found myself skimming because I felt like the author had already made his point and I didn't need him to continue.

  13. 4 out of 5

    Tanya Gold

    Clear instructions on how to use the scene/sequel and stimulus/response structures in novel writing.

  14. 5 out of 5

    James Yu

    I found this book quite useful as a novice fiction writer. Other books tend to take a top down approach to crafting a novel. This book takes a bottoms up approach, which really helped to fill in some of my knowledge gaps. Bickham talks about how to construct a beat within a scene, and ultimately how to create scenes that have good forward momentum. The foundation of stimulus-internalization-reaction and scene-sequel was enlightening to me, as it is the structure that most readers subconsciously c I found this book quite useful as a novice fiction writer. Other books tend to take a top down approach to crafting a novel. This book takes a bottoms up approach, which really helped to fill in some of my knowledge gaps. Bickham talks about how to construct a beat within a scene, and ultimately how to create scenes that have good forward momentum. The foundation of stimulus-internalization-reaction and scene-sequel was enlightening to me, as it is the structure that most readers subconsciously come to expect. With this, I feel like I now have a solid canvas to paint on, whereas before, I was writing things mostly based on feeling, which was inconsistent. The examples he gives are rather dry, but that's okay. The important part is learning about the structure.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Eric Juneau

    This book is twenty years old and it's showing its age. Bickham spends a large portion of the message dedicated to slowing a story down. I've never heard of doing that. That's not a problem these days. This is a good book for those people who have read other books on writing, and are looking for more advanced techniques or more specific approaches. More than the simple "show, don't tell" and "don't use adverbs". This books takes more detail into the "kill your darlings" message and how to struct This book is twenty years old and it's showing its age. Bickham spends a large portion of the message dedicated to slowing a story down. I've never heard of doing that. That's not a problem these days. This is a good book for those people who have read other books on writing, and are looking for more advanced techniques or more specific approaches. More than the simple "show, don't tell" and "don't use adverbs". This books takes more detail into the "kill your darlings" message and how to structure a novel piece-by-piece, scene by scene. This book breaks it down to its molecules and restructures it back up. The problem was I kept drifting off in the middle. Maybe the book was too detailed? Maybe it was trying to give too much information, too specific. The entire last chapter is a formula/outline for a novel, with things like "the main character attempts to solve his problem here but ends in disaster" or "POV of the romantic interest, the thing stopping her gets bigger" and "this chapter is where the good guy lays it all on the line". At that point, if you write every novel this way, don't you lose the spontaneity of the story? Doesn't it restrict the craft?

  16. 4 out of 5

    K.R. Patterson

    Definitely one of the best writing books I've read. At first I was thinking it was going to be a knock-off of Dwight Swain's, and it was a lot like his, but this one actually helped me understand so much more than Dwight's. Though I believe Dwight did communicate these same things, it was just that presented this way--a slightly different way--it all became so much more clear. I especially loved the end, when it gives an example plot outline. LOVED that! I've always wanted someone to do that. Th Definitely one of the best writing books I've read. At first I was thinking it was going to be a knock-off of Dwight Swain's, and it was a lot like his, but this one actually helped me understand so much more than Dwight's. Though I believe Dwight did communicate these same things, it was just that presented this way--a slightly different way--it all became so much more clear. I especially loved the end, when it gives an example plot outline. LOVED that! I've always wanted someone to do that. That alone made the book 5 stars for me. Most of all, it made me realize I need to quit fighting the system and just go with it. It's only when you know the rules, and know them well, that you should ever veer off the path.

  17. 4 out of 5

    Kate

    Once again, I found the book formulaic and unhelpful. Bickham makes it sound like plotting your book is a series of careful decisions, made one at a time. Plotting a book is generally a much messier thing (and for me, is often more of an intuitive thing). This book might have limited use in the revision process, but I only found it helpful in clarifying my thoughts against Bickham.

  18. 5 out of 5

    John

    This book provides some nice insights on popular writing; but author Jack M. Bickham tries to boil everything down into simple formulas, and I hate formulas--which is probably why I never passed Statistics in college. There's not a whole lot that Bickham says here that you couldn't get from just picking up any best-selling novel at random and studying the author's use of structure on your own.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Jennifer Shirk

    This book has a lot of good, useful information, especially chapter ten: common errors in scenes and how to fix them. But the book was a bit dry in parts so it took me awhile to read.

  20. 4 out of 5

    Lewis Weinstein

    Another excellent source to stimulate better writing.

  21. 4 out of 5

    Alison McMahan

    Includes the clearest explanation of MRU violations (motivation reaction units) since Dwight V. Swain himself, along with an inspiring explanation of scene & sequel. A must for every fiction writer.

  22. 4 out of 5

    C.H. Knyght

    Dang, it's been a long time since I read this, but it was one of the foundation block to my journey as an author.

  23. 5 out of 5

    Jennifer Louden

    dated at times, hard to get into (hence why on my shelves for so long) but super useful, esp. for thriller and action /adventure novelists.

  24. 5 out of 5

    Joanie Bruce

    This is a great book for seasoned authors as well as beginners. It really teaches you to make sure you have a reaction to everything in your story. It's also a great tool for building your plot.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Angela

    This book breaks down the fundamental units of storytelling pacing—scene and sequel—and presents them in an easily understandable manner. Writers who want to improve the flow of their writing will find Bickham’s advice useful, however, the information is far more expansive than this. Scenes and sequels keep the story moving in an efficient and effective way. Using these to their best advantage helps maintain reader attention by alternating between action and reflection. Scene and sequel take on d This book breaks down the fundamental units of storytelling pacing—scene and sequel—and presents them in an easily understandable manner. Writers who want to improve the flow of their writing will find Bickham’s advice useful, however, the information is far more expansive than this. Scenes and sequels keep the story moving in an efficient and effective way. Using these to their best advantage helps maintain reader attention by alternating between action and reflection. Scene and sequel take on different jobs as a story unfolds—gripping the reader at the beginning, keeping tension up in the middle, and offering a satisfying resolution at the end. It also helps ensure that both hero and villain have clear motives. The book does get dense in parts, but the examples help to iron out confusions. I personally like this book because it portrays the formulaic side of writing without applying strict rules. Storytelling has a natural rhythm that can be manipulated and exploited for effect. Bickham shows writers how to recognize and utilize these rhythms to achieve the desired effect. It also addresses common writing structure pitfalls and how to avoid them. I would recommend all writers have a dog-eared copy of this book on an easy-to-reach shelf.

  26. 5 out of 5

    Turok Tucker

    Two takeaways up to the point: there are lots of books on plot, few on the actual construction of how to make said plot. For every 15 books that muse, there's one that treats you like a person with a job trying to grow your knowledge. Thank God this is the latter, and in an absolute zero frills method SCENE & STRUCTURE gives a writer learning the craft of writing a great scene some meat and potatoes. I was feeling SOL before this book in getting a good grasp on the dramatic unit - brick in th Two takeaways up to the point: there are lots of books on plot, few on the actual construction of how to make said plot. For every 15 books that muse, there's one that treats you like a person with a job trying to grow your knowledge. Thank God this is the latter, and in an absolute zero frills method SCENE & STRUCTURE gives a writer learning the craft of writing a great scene some meat and potatoes. I was feeling SOL before this book in getting a good grasp on the dramatic unit - brick in the wall - that are scenes. Why is the fundamental component of modern fiction have a blank spot on the bookshelf, while three million books on the muse are ready to fill any wordless hack with the solid form of passing gas. SCENE AND STRUCTURE gets tough, ready for three reads on this puppy.

  27. 4 out of 5

    Robert

    The basic concept it focuses on is "cause and effect". Make sure everything in your plot follows logically from previous elements. Build your story and your scenes step by step. i.e. make sure there is a goal for each scene, and that that goal advances the goal of the chapter which in turn advances the goal of the entire story, etc. This is good advice, and eye-opening if you didn't consider how to structure a scene before, but it quickly gets extremely tedious once he gets into the details. Now, I The basic concept it focuses on is "cause and effect". Make sure everything in your plot follows logically from previous elements. Build your story and your scenes step by step. i.e. make sure there is a goal for each scene, and that that goal advances the goal of the chapter which in turn advances the goal of the entire story, etc. This is good advice, and eye-opening if you didn't consider how to structure a scene before, but it quickly gets extremely tedious once he gets into the details. Now, I'll be fair, I think this book is best for more advanced and serious writers who have the patience to determinedly dig into all the detail, but it was very dry reading for me.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Joed Jackson

    While I have read 2 or 3 other books that covered the subject (and those books each brought value to the table), this is 'the one.' No one book can teach a guy (or gal) to write but this one puts you a big, big step forward. My understanding and insight to the bricks and mortar of fiction writing are on a whole new level. This one will stay close to my writing desk and will find many more sticky notes in it (already has a bunch). So yeah, I definitely recommend this to any and all writers of fic While I have read 2 or 3 other books that covered the subject (and those books each brought value to the table), this is 'the one.' No one book can teach a guy (or gal) to write but this one puts you a big, big step forward. My understanding and insight to the bricks and mortar of fiction writing are on a whole new level. This one will stay close to my writing desk and will find many more sticky notes in it (already has a bunch). So yeah, I definitely recommend this to any and all writers of fiction.

  29. 4 out of 5

    Daniel Beaulieu

    A fantastic read on the basics of laying out macro and micro structure in novels. At times, maybe dry, but thoroughly educational, understandable, and - perhaps most surprisingly - enjoyable! I would recommend for anyone - not limited to would-be novelists - seeking to better understand the narrative mechanics of laying out a scene and the connective tissue between scenes.

  30. 4 out of 5

    Matthew McAndrew

    This book never seemed to end for me. Though the topic was one worth exploring, I remember feeling like the author repeated the same information a lot. To be fair, though, it could have been where my mind was at at the time that made me feel that way, so I'll generously add a third star.

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