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John Coltrane: His Life and Music

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John Coltrane was a key figure in jazz, a pioneer in world music, and an intensely emotional force whose following continues to grow. This new biography, the first by a professional jazz scholar and performer, presents a huge amount of never-before-published material, including interviews with Coltrane, photos, genealogical documents, and innovative musical analysis that o John Coltrane was a key figure in jazz, a pioneer in world music, and an intensely emotional force whose following continues to grow. This new biography, the first by a professional jazz scholar and performer, presents a huge amount of never-before-published material, including interviews with Coltrane, photos, genealogical documents, and innovative musical analysis that offers a fresh view of Coltrane's genius. Compiled from scratch with the assistance of dozens of Coltrane's colleagues, friends, and family, John Coltrane: His Life and Music corrects numerous errors from previous biographies. The significant people in Coltrane's life were reinterviewed, yielding new insights; some were interviewed for the first time ever. The musical analysis, which is accessible to the nonspecialist, makes its own revelations--for example, that some of Coltrane's well-known pieces are based on previously unrecognized sources. The Appendix is the most detailed chronology of Coltrane's performing career ever compiled, listing scores of previously unknown performances from the 1940s and early 1950s. Coltrane has become a musical inspiration for thousands of fans and musicians and a personal inspiration to as many more. For all of these, Porter's book will become the definitive resource--a reliable guide to the events of Coltrane's life and an insightful look into his musical practices. ". . . well researched, musically knowledgeable, and enormously interesting to read. Porter is a jazz scholar with deep knowledge of the tradition he is studying, both conceptually and technically." --Richard Crawford, University of Michigan "Lewis Porter is a meticulous person with love and respect for Afro-American classical music. I applaud this definitive study of my friend John Coltrane's life adn achievements." --Jimmy Heath, jazz saxophonist, composer, educator Lewis Porter is Associate Professor of Music, Rutgers University in Newark. A leading jazz scholar, he is the author of Jazz Readings from a Century of Change and coauthor of Jazz: From Its Origins to the Present. He was a project consultant on The Complete Atlantic Recordings of John Coltrane, which was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Historical Reissue, and an editor and assisting author of the definitive Coltrane discography by Y. Fujioka. 


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John Coltrane was a key figure in jazz, a pioneer in world music, and an intensely emotional force whose following continues to grow. This new biography, the first by a professional jazz scholar and performer, presents a huge amount of never-before-published material, including interviews with Coltrane, photos, genealogical documents, and innovative musical analysis that o John Coltrane was a key figure in jazz, a pioneer in world music, and an intensely emotional force whose following continues to grow. This new biography, the first by a professional jazz scholar and performer, presents a huge amount of never-before-published material, including interviews with Coltrane, photos, genealogical documents, and innovative musical analysis that offers a fresh view of Coltrane's genius. Compiled from scratch with the assistance of dozens of Coltrane's colleagues, friends, and family, John Coltrane: His Life and Music corrects numerous errors from previous biographies. The significant people in Coltrane's life were reinterviewed, yielding new insights; some were interviewed for the first time ever. The musical analysis, which is accessible to the nonspecialist, makes its own revelations--for example, that some of Coltrane's well-known pieces are based on previously unrecognized sources. The Appendix is the most detailed chronology of Coltrane's performing career ever compiled, listing scores of previously unknown performances from the 1940s and early 1950s. Coltrane has become a musical inspiration for thousands of fans and musicians and a personal inspiration to as many more. For all of these, Porter's book will become the definitive resource--a reliable guide to the events of Coltrane's life and an insightful look into his musical practices. ". . . well researched, musically knowledgeable, and enormously interesting to read. Porter is a jazz scholar with deep knowledge of the tradition he is studying, both conceptually and technically." --Richard Crawford, University of Michigan "Lewis Porter is a meticulous person with love and respect for Afro-American classical music. I applaud this definitive study of my friend John Coltrane's life adn achievements." --Jimmy Heath, jazz saxophonist, composer, educator Lewis Porter is Associate Professor of Music, Rutgers University in Newark. A leading jazz scholar, he is the author of Jazz Readings from a Century of Change and coauthor of Jazz: From Its Origins to the Present. He was a project consultant on The Complete Atlantic Recordings of John Coltrane, which was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Historical Reissue, and an editor and assisting author of the definitive Coltrane discography by Y. Fujioka. 

30 review for John Coltrane: His Life and Music

  1. 5 out of 5

    Jonny Parshall

    As someone musically inclined, I was glad to see Mr Porter's use of sheet music and notations to illustrate Coltrane's styles and how they evolved over time. Too many biographers of musicians leave out this essential ingredient. This function engaged my understanding of Coltrane better than without. On a humorous note, my failing eyes constantly mistook "tenorist" for "terrorist." My impression of Mr Coltrane had never suffered such blows, albeit temporarily. It is better we remember him as a mas As someone musically inclined, I was glad to see Mr Porter's use of sheet music and notations to illustrate Coltrane's styles and how they evolved over time. Too many biographers of musicians leave out this essential ingredient. This function engaged my understanding of Coltrane better than without. On a humorous note, my failing eyes constantly mistook "tenorist" for "terrorist." My impression of Mr Coltrane had never suffered such blows, albeit temporarily. It is better we remember him as a master tenorist, and not anything less reputable than that.

  2. 4 out of 5

    GloriaGloom

    E' sempre difficile parlare di Coltrane, ma vale per qualunque maitre a penser della musica popolare moderna del secolo trascorso, senza scivolare nella buccia di banana dell'aggettivazione coatta, nell'inchino e nella riverenza acritica, nella banalità ad ogni costo, ancor più nei testi destinati a una fruzione non specialistica: sarà perchè volenti o nolenti siamo cresciuti crociani, o nel caso dei jazzofili italiani polilliani - quanto bene e quanto male ha fatto il salomonico avvocato milane E' sempre difficile parlare di Coltrane, ma vale per qualunque maitre a penser della musica popolare moderna del secolo trascorso, senza scivolare nella buccia di banana dell'aggettivazione coatta, nell'inchino e nella riverenza acritica, nella banalità ad ogni costo, ancor più nei testi destinati a una fruzione non specialistica: sarà perchè volenti o nolenti siamo cresciuti crociani, o nel caso dei jazzofili italiani polilliani - quanto bene e quanto male ha fatto il salomonico avvocato milanese prestato al jazz- o sarà anche che viviamo in un tempo in cui ogni banalità si fa regola (prima banalità), in cui il jazz è morto (seconda banalità), e in una cultura in cui un approccio musicologico moderno(alla Middleton, il suo "Studiare la popoular music" - ed. feltrinelli - dovrebbe, a mio parere, essere testo obbligato in ogni corso di musica) è sempre guardato con sospetto, ma è davvero difficile entrare nel cuore e nei meccanismi dell'unica, vera, cultura americana, così variegata e al tempo stesso così monolitica e contraddittoria. Lewis, in questa biografia "didattica", sceglie un approccio ibrido, che se da un lato appare utile e pragmatico dall'altro non è scevro di difetti. Il cuore di questo libro è naturalmente nell'analisi di quasi tutti i pattern coltraniani, quasi tutto il pensiero musicale teorico di Coltrane viene analizato in modo puntuale, è un piacere seguire le analisi di Lewis ascoltando contemporaneamente e cronologicamente l'enorme corpus discografico del sassofonista isolandone i nodi semantici, per comprenderne le origini, le innovazioni, le stratificazioni. Qua e là qualche risibile sbavatura più che altro dovuta alla inevitabile sudditanza culturale verso la musica colta: non bastano dei poliritmi per citare Stravinsky come non basta anticipare il battere per fare di una orchestra sinfonica una big band. La perla del libro, a mio parere, è il capitolo dedicato all'analisi di Interstellar Space, l'album postumo di duetti insieme al suo ultimo batterista - il poliritmo più veloce del west - Rashed Alì, che è uno dei momenti più alti della poetica Coltraniana e forse il suo lascito più importante per tutti quegli avventurieri dell'improvvisazione istantanea che compirono l'ultima grande rivoluzione Copernicana del jazz prima che si suicidasse nell'attuale mainstream. Credo sia l'unico esempio, tradotto in italiano (di analisi di A love Supreme o di Giant Steps ne abbiamo avute a iosa), di un'analisi accurata e puntuale di quelle magnifiche pagine. Se questo taglio didattico è perfettamente riuscito per molti versi resta però il dubbio di una piccola e ingenua contraddizione. Il jazz è sempre stato, per una sua intrinseca origine e natura, segnato dal rapporto che un popolo (quello afroamericano) ha con il passato e al tempo stesso con il presente, è l'esempio più forte di cultura orale e di trasmissione orale dei suoi saperi. Coltrane è la metafora più ovvia di questa dinamica culturale, così attento alla tradizione e così consapevole al tempo stesso della sua necessaria trasformazione. Lewis ha deciso invece di isolare Coltrane, la sua musica, in una visione astorica, lasciando da parte, in un sottofondo scolorito, le influenze esterne, politiche, sociali, culturali che hanno palesemente segnato l'evoluzione musicale di Coltrane. Dal mio punto di vista, con tutti i limiti del punto di vista personale, avrei preferito che Lewis avesse preso in esame le continue trasformazioni apportate da coltrane ad alcuni suoi cavalli di battaglia, che so, My Favorite Things - non credo esista brano più rimaneggiato nel corso del tempo da un musicista, più paradigmatico per comprendere le dinamiche di un organisimo evolutivo come il jazz- invece di raffreddare il portato coltraniano con degli strumenti classici di analisi musicale. Ma, ripeto, nel terreno scelto da Lewis è un libro perfetto. I dolori arrivano invece nella parte biografica che sembra appiccicata lì senza molta voglia, non ci sono novità imprescindibili da giustificarla e francamente la scrittura "letteraria" di Lewis è tediosa come poche, con qualche scivolone nella psicologia da giornaletto quando associa l'ossessione di Coltrane per l'esercizio quotidiano allo strumento con il vuoto lasciato dalla scomparsa prematura del padre. Di buono c'è la volontà di descrivere un Coltrane né genio né messia, ma solo un uomo che è arrivato alla sua statura professionale attraverso fatica, sacrificio e duro lavoro. Un vero Eroe Americano, insomma.

  3. 4 out of 5

    Lukasz Pruski

    Dr. Lewis Porter's "John Coltrane. His Life and Music" is an extraordinarily well-researched book, with meticulous references (571 reference notes spanning 37 pages), and quite detailed chronology of performances and recorded interviews (38 pages). The author is a noted musicologist, an author of several books on jazz greats and jazz history, a professor of music at Rutgers, and an accomplished pianist. The book sets a very high standard for future jazz biographies. I first heard John Coltrane's Dr. Lewis Porter's "John Coltrane. His Life and Music" is an extraordinarily well-researched book, with meticulous references (571 reference notes spanning 37 pages), and quite detailed chronology of performances and recorded interviews (38 pages). The author is a noted musicologist, an author of several books on jazz greats and jazz history, a professor of music at Rutgers, and an accomplished pianist. The book sets a very high standard for future jazz biographies. I first heard John Coltrane's music on the radio about 1965, when I was in high school. This strange, intense, and powerful music (it was one of the late-period works) made a huge impression; it was so wonderfully different from the simple, cheap pap of the then Animals or Beatles. But I did not seriously get into Coltrane until the 1980s, and since then I have read several books about his life and music as he is, to me, one of greatest artists who ever lived. Dr. Porter's book is most likely the best, although readers such as myself can only make sense of less than half of the text. Without basic knowledge of music theory one cannot understand the remaining portions of the book, which are dedicated to musicological analysis of Coltrane's works. There is no point in summarizing the book. It alternates between presenting events from Coltrane's life and discussing the music in chronological order. Curiously, his early life is shown in more detail than the period after 1960, when he gained wide prominence. There are numerous interesting observations in the book, for example that "one can become one of the great musicians of all time and not start off as some kind of prodigy." The chapter about "A Love Supreme", Coltrane's most famous suite, clearly stands out. Perhaps because it validates my belief that "A Love Supreme" is a stunning musical tour de force, comparable in its power and majesty to, say, Bach's "Mass in B minor." In addition to being about Coltrane's breathtakingly compelling and beautiful music, the book shows John Coltrane the man, profoundly humble, quiet, serious, and deeply spiritual. "I feel I want to be a force for good," he says. World would be so much a better place if more of us followed this simple motto. If I weren't so completely ignorant of music theory, I would likely rate the book higher. Four stars.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Patrick

    I read this after Ben Ratliff's 'Coltrane' which is not a bio but a sort of overview of Coltrane's musical evolution and then his legacy. Both books work well together, but I should have read the Porter bio first. Porter is meticulous researcher and documenter and there are quite a number of cool and interesting photos and documents reproduced in the book. There is a ton of info in the book and quite a bit of new and newly corrected info. There is a lot of musical analysis throughout, from the ea I read this after Ben Ratliff's 'Coltrane' which is not a bio but a sort of overview of Coltrane's musical evolution and then his legacy. Both books work well together, but I should have read the Porter bio first. Porter is meticulous researcher and documenter and there are quite a number of cool and interesting photos and documents reproduced in the book. There is a ton of info in the book and quite a bit of new and newly corrected info. There is a lot of musical analysis throughout, from the earliest beginnings through his latest, most abstract stuff. The analysis throughout was excellent. Also i have never seen anyone analyze his later work musically--and porter does break it down to look at what is going on musically. Porter starts by tracing the earliest roots of coltranes family in slavery-- i thought this was really intersting stuff. He does a great job with Coltrane's youth and early development as an artist. Throughout there are lots of interviews with family, friends, and other musicians. It was really interesting to me to learn about coltrane's earliest developmet as a sax player. This is a great reference for John Coltrane info. There is a detailed Chronology which basically provides info about every known live performance and recording date that coltrane was on. The book does not include a comprehensive discographry. Porter had worked on one with Yashuiro Fujioka that was published in 95 and I think he is working on a revision based on the research he conducted for the bio. But besides that, this book seems to have all the most recent info about coltrane through the books publication date, which was 1998 It is very good and an excellent resource. It definitely focuses a ton on music and I wouldn't recommend this unless you had some knowledge of jazz theory and history or didn't mind skimming through sections of musical analysis when it went in that direction. The tone of the book is pretty academic, imo. As a biography, i would say it's pretty good, but it's not as great a work as Hajdu's strayhorn bio.

  5. 4 out of 5

    David Rullo

    Unfortunately, this book fell a bit flat for my taste. The author's writing style isn't necessarily great, and it certainly isn't the definitive book on Coltrane. So, where does the biography fail? Porter doesn't do a wonderful job with the biography. Coltrane's early years are covered well and the epilogue does a good job of presenting the legacy; the rest of his life is written with a style I would call fly "overwriting." Why did Coltrane choose the musicians he did and who filtered in and out Unfortunately, this book fell a bit flat for my taste. The author's writing style isn't necessarily great, and it certainly isn't the definitive book on Coltrane. So, where does the biography fail? Porter doesn't do a wonderful job with the biography. Coltrane's early years are covered well and the epilogue does a good job of presenting the legacy; the rest of his life is written with a style I would call fly "overwriting." Why did Coltrane choose the musicians he did and who filtered in and out of the band after the original quartet? What was happening in his life when he wrote Meditations or Living Space? Why did he decide to move from one style to the next? Porter may touch on each of these with a sentence or two (or bypass the question entirely) but he writes nothing of significance about them. He also ignores the artist's spiritual side and the impact it played on his writing. Porter does spend a lot of time analyzing Coltrane's writing, but even that feels rather superficial. There is a lot of play by play to the writing. Page after page is spent showing a score and then describing exactly what is presented. There's no formal analysis, for example, why this mode with this chord progression, etc. I've read several Coltrane biographies lately searching for the definitive tome. Sadly, after reading this, I'm still searching.

  6. 4 out of 5

    Noel

    Porter's forte is music criticism; not writing a narrative tale of who this grand jazz giant was in real life. I believe the subtitle is a bit misleading as it should be: "His Music and His Life". While I'm not an expert on jazz sheet music, he thoroughly highlights his most important works; includes manuscript images of some major/minor works; and explains the context of the origin and evolution of his music. As far as knowing "Trane" the persona, I was dissatisfied with the way his story was pre Porter's forte is music criticism; not writing a narrative tale of who this grand jazz giant was in real life. I believe the subtitle is a bit misleading as it should be: "His Music and His Life". While I'm not an expert on jazz sheet music, he thoroughly highlights his most important works; includes manuscript images of some major/minor works; and explains the context of the origin and evolution of his music. As far as knowing "Trane" the persona, I was dissatisfied with the way his story was presented. The narrative was choppy, and informative. For instance, towards the end of the book, Porter makes reference to Coltrane having a child through an affair with his first wife and doesn't mention her anymore. A footnote doesn't prove this fact, only that a relative assumes this child just disappeared. He hardly mentions the relationship with his mother and how it evolved throughout his life; his relationship with his own family; and most importantly, his relationship with his fellow jazz musicians. The book mentions it corrects errors of previous biographies, which we'll have to take for face value, but in the end, this book lacked much gusto on the life of this jazz titan.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Rob the Obscure

    If you are interested in Coltrane, and especially if you are a musician, this book is not to be missed. The work goes deeply into Coltrane's life, legacy, and spirituality, and does a decent job of revealing the source of his music and psychological make up in his unending and ultimately unresolved spiritual search. While doing this, the author also provides numerous examples of transcriptions of Coltrane's music so that the musician-reader can understand the application of theory and harmony to If you are interested in Coltrane, and especially if you are a musician, this book is not to be missed. The work goes deeply into Coltrane's life, legacy, and spirituality, and does a decent job of revealing the source of his music and psychological make up in his unending and ultimately unresolved spiritual search. While doing this, the author also provides numerous examples of transcriptions of Coltrane's music so that the musician-reader can understand the application of theory and harmony to his compositions and his solos. This avoids the frequently held and misguided position that, near the end of his career, Coltrane had ceased to be a disciplined musician and was just making noise. If you are not a musician, but interested in Coltrane purely as a lover of his music and the influence he had on many genres since he died, the book can still be of value by just skipping over the technical passages. The book will lose nothing by taking that approach.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Michael Finocchiaro

    Besides my new appreciation for Art Pepper, I have always loved the saxophone: Bird, Bean, Prez, Branford, even Clemens and Clinton (LOL) but seriously my favorite sax player of all time has been and still is Trane. Since I was on this kick already, I grabbed a Coltrane biography, (John Coltrane, His Life and Music by Lewis Porter) and really enjoyed it. I find it fascinating that both he and Miles were both able to go cold turkey and quite smack BY THEMSELVES after years of abuse in each case. Besides my new appreciation for Art Pepper, I have always loved the saxophone: Bird, Bean, Prez, Branford, even Clemens and Clinton (LOL) but seriously my favorite sax player of all time has been and still is Trane. Since I was on this kick already, I grabbed a Coltrane biography, (John Coltrane, His Life and Music by Lewis Porter) and really enjoyed it. I find it fascinating that both he and Miles were both able to go cold turkey and quite smack BY THEMSELVES after years of abuse in each case. Unfortunately for Trane, his body never fully recovered from the abuse and he died relatively young but not after realising some of the most incredible pieces of music in the 20th C. Reading the book gave me a whole new appreciation for A Love Supreme and many of the other later, more complex Coltrane albums as well as his magical addition to the First Quintet with Miles. Truly an incredible and unique musician.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Travis Haight

    This book took me a lot longer to read than I normally do, ones of this size. It's not that it wasn't interesting...it was very much so, and about one of my absolute favorite musicians of all time. The only problem is that it is not only extremely dry, but is chock full of major and minor musical references, technical music things. As someone who is not a musician, but is a music fanatic who appreciates when things are explained, but not being dumbed down, it is a little bit problematic. All in This book took me a lot longer to read than I normally do, ones of this size. It's not that it wasn't interesting...it was very much so, and about one of my absolute favorite musicians of all time. The only problem is that it is not only extremely dry, but is chock full of major and minor musical references, technical music things. As someone who is not a musician, but is a music fanatic who appreciates when things are explained, but not being dumbed down, it is a little bit problematic. All in all, it was entertaining, and I learned a lot of inside stuff about, one member of my short list of favorite jazz musicians. I would recommend it to most people, but you may find yourself looking some stuff up along the way.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Jonathan Casey

    Porter makes the unnecessarily bold claim that his is the definitive work on Coltrane, which is a problem since he takes a lot of material from the interviews in "Coltrane on Coltrane," does not provide a comprehensive biography, and doesn't get too deep into recording sessions or the specific ways his various LPs were put together. He does provide musical analysis which is important, and helped me to understand the "Giant Steps" changes, for example, but beyond that gets into technical music th Porter makes the unnecessarily bold claim that his is the definitive work on Coltrane, which is a problem since he takes a lot of material from the interviews in "Coltrane on Coltrane," does not provide a comprehensive biography, and doesn't get too deep into recording sessions or the specific ways his various LPs were put together. He does provide musical analysis which is important, and helped me to understand the "Giant Steps" changes, for example, but beyond that gets into technical music theory that is above my understanding. Glad I read it but feel like I have more reading to do.

  11. 4 out of 5

    Jeff

    Probably the best bio on Coltrane written. Traces his roots back to slavery days. Comments are all referenced. Explores controversial issues such as was it drugs that killed Coltrane. In addition to being a biography, a thorough explanation of the musical theory of his compositions is included. If you read one book on Coltrane, this should be it.

  12. 4 out of 5

    Matt

    This book by Lewis Porter is exceedingly in depth, and meticulously researched. Unfortunately, it's also some very dry reading, in my opinion. With that said, I did learn a few things I didn't know, such as the experimentation with LSD that Coltrane did later in life. Recommended for musicians, or hard core Coltrane fans. Other people may want to start elsewhere.

  13. 4 out of 5

    Dalton Babcock

    Beautiful book. I admittedly had to gloss over the more musically theoretical passages but the rest was great. Porter's last sentence works as a tearjerking epitaph for Coltrane. "There will never [again] be three notes quite like them"

  14. 5 out of 5

    Kelton

    A very academically targeted biography. Excellent and thorough sources. Most important to me however was the authors in depth analysis of Coltrane's harmonically derived and spiritually derived musics and how those aspects interact to create the masterpieces we have today.

  15. 5 out of 5

    Lee

    This book gets five stars simply because John Coltrane was a saint. This is a very even-handed overview of his life and musical developments, with several moments of strong insight into Coltrane's character.

  16. 5 out of 5

    Robert Posey

    Scholarly but readable is best way I can describe this biography. Good bonus material in appendices & notes. I agree that his putting down of other books on Coltrane is silly, but that's about my only quibble.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Ethan

    Don't waste your time on other Coltrane biographies. This is the only one with any serious rigor, fact-checking and clarity. It's full of transcriptions, with several entire solos presented and discussed thoroughly. Every musician should read it.

  18. 4 out of 5

    ajp3

    I borrowed this from a saxophone playing friend of mine. it's a really great book with a lot love and time put into it, definitely a must read for music lovers. the analysis of a love supreme is interesting, and the transcription of one of his last duets w/Rasheed Ali was fun to try to play also.

  19. 4 out of 5

    David

    I enjoyed reading this one quite a bit. It's a really nice blend of scholarly research and musical analysis. As a musician, I found the musical analysis interesting and clearly written. I would consider this book a "must read" for any fan of Coltrane, or any fan of jazz.

  20. 5 out of 5

    Ashley

    I started this a long time ago, but it was a hard one to get through because it was very detailed on every event that happened in coltranes life, i couldn't get through it

  21. 5 out of 5

    James Chafin

    the best book about Coltrane. i hate his music but the book that best explains why it's very special.

  22. 4 out of 5

    John

    A very technical book and a bit dry. If you're into music theory then read this book.

  23. 4 out of 5

    Brent

    This definitive biography combines genealogical research with musicological analysis.

  24. 4 out of 5

    Jean-denis Crouhy

    Une étude sérieuse sur la vie de Coltrane et sa musique (avec des partitions en prime !) Une mine d'or pour les fans de Coltrane !!En anglais uniquement pour l'instant...

  25. 5 out of 5

    Franco Vite

    Ti piace il jazz? Ami John Coltrane? Ecco, questa è LA biografia di Trane.

  26. 5 out of 5

    Winter Sophia Rose

    Never Mind The Others, This Is It!

  27. 5 out of 5

    James Carroll

    This is THE book to read about Coltrane's life and music. Non-musicians can easily ignore the notational examples, while musicians can easily dig them. Coltrane was a fascinating musician whose music I still listen to regularly, and Porter hit the nail on the head.

  28. 5 out of 5

    Gary

  29. 4 out of 5

    Brian Avant

  30. 5 out of 5

    Ken Kase

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